Water Supply Scheme Across 10 Villages in TM Khan
This project, proposed by Sindh Community Foundation (SCF), envisages installation of 23 hand pumps and construction of 4 water supply schemes across 10 villages in Tando Mohammad Khan district, Sindh. This project is a follow up to a larger project completed by SCF in the region, in which 216 hand pumps, 5 water supply schemes and 200 latrines were constructed in collaboration with the Japanese Consulate.
It will be implemented across rural communities badly affected by floods in southern Sindh. The typical household size is between five and seven people, and the typical village size varies between 300 and 700 people. Most villagers depend upon daily wages to support their families.
Furthermore, sanitation and water transmission infrastructure is non-existent in the villages targeted for this project. Community members lack the financial means and technical know-how to address this need. Existing water sources are either contaminated, not fit for drinking purposes or at a distance of about 1 km from the villages. Consequently, women and children must spend a lot of time collecting water from these sources every day, at the cost of hardship and security risk.
If the project is successful, 10 villages will get access to clean drinking water. Moreover, women and children can spend their time in other meaningful livelihood activities, with reduced hardship. The hand-pumps proposed for this project can last up to 10 years with little maintenance and repair, and with strong community involvement on the part of SCF, additional positives can be realized for local communities through follow-up projects in targeted villages.
Sindh Community Foundation (SCF) was formed by young and committed human rights and social workers of Hala and Hyderabad in January 2001 to improve the socio-economic conditions of rural communities and neglected segments of society, especially amongst youth and women in Sindh. SCF was registered under the Societies Act of 1860 and has slowly increased its area of operation in 12 districts of Sindh, undertaking advocacy, capacity building and model building service delivery projects to enhance its advocacy programs. Over time, SCF has established a strong track record of implementing programs in the areas of human rights and democracy, disaster management, humanitarian aid, youth development, women and girls’ empowerment, campaigning, training and action research on environment, climate change and gender based violence. Since responding to the humanitarian crises created in Sindh as a result of floods in 2010 and 2011, SCF has implemented WASH projects in 27 villages across TM Khan district with the support of the Japanese Embassy. It has also implemented WASH activities in early recovery of flood affected populations in district Jamshoro.
Access to Water
The key metric for this project will be the number of people provided with access to clean drinking water. In terms of reducing the extent of hardship faced by local populations on a daily basis, the aim of this project will be to commission sites within 300 meters of village locations.
The ADP team is excited about funding this project because it addresses a very basic human need – access to water. The communities particularly targeted in this project have very limited access to water and have been overlooked by local governments due to their relative remoteness. Commissioning this project will provide these communities with clean drinking water. By implementing this project, the ADP team also hopes to reduce the daily hardship faced by women and children in procuring water, where in some cases they must travel as much as three kilometers for each trip.
Q1. Is the project feasible and has SCF proposed the correct solution?
SCF has in fact proposed a practical and efficient solution to the problem facing target villages for this project. The water supply schemes proposed under this project are simple to construct in places within close proximity to a clean water resource. Furthermore, their reach and utilization rates tend to be higher than those of hand pumps. Where villages are remote and there are no accessible water sources located nearby, ground water resources offer the only practical alternative. Matching hand-pumps to the local water-table levels becomes important, and the hand pumps selected for the project are viable if groundwater can be found up to 70 feet below surface. SCF’s previous experience in this area was helpful in determining this match.
Q2. Has SCF proposed for too many handpumps to be installed?
As per the original proposal, a total of 40 hand pumps were proposed for the project. However, after a thorough analysis of each village on a case-by-case basis, and multiple consultations with SCF, this number was brought down to 23. The project team used maps to allocate target villages into zones, such that each community could be able to access water within 300 meters, and so that the number of beneficiaries per hand pump was managed between 100 and 200 people. These steps ensured an efficient allocation of water resources.
Q3. Does the budget for the project fairly reflect funding requirements?
To address this area, the project technical requirements were first understood by the project team. A thorough background reference check was conducted; similar projects completed by SCF and ADP in the past were also used as a benchmark. SCF’s internal processes for floating procurement tenders were reviewed and, finally, external vendors were consulted to confirm that current market prices for required materials were not significantly different from those budgeted.
The final tranche for this project has been sent out. Sindh Community Foundation will continue with installation of the supply scheme, which is expected to be completed in a little over a month.
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