Water Supply in Mansehra


ADP has launched a water supply scheme for two villages in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in partnership with Mountain and Glacier Protection Organization (MGPO). The project is designed to provide water to two villages: Shamdarah and Chajhar, located in Tehsil Oghi, District Mansehra. MGPO will provide 10 hand operated water pumps that can benefit approximately 350 people per day, serving a total population of 1700. This method of accessing water is prevalent in the area and the requisite technical expertise is available within the UC (Union Council) to undertake this initiative. This is a cost efficient manner of providing water to the communities that presently have to endure great hardship to procure water. In the 2005 earthquake, the sub-surface water aquifers were disturbed and since then the communities have had no access to water and currently have to bring it from great distances.

This project will benefit 900 people from village Shamdarah and 800 people from village Chajhar. The direct beneficiary population will be 1700 persons. The population from the catchments areas will also benefit from this intervention as indirect beneficiaries. The funding is being provided in 2 tranches of approximately Rs. 420,000 each: the first to install 5 pumps before the winter of 2010 (August 2010) and the second for the remaining 5 pumps after the winter is over (March 2011).

This project not only provides pumps to enable access to clean drinking water, but also engages the community and promotes sustainability and responsibility through user fees and the Water Management Committee, which will be made up of the locals to cope with maintenance problems and the operating costs. The funds received from the user fees will be placed in a community bank account.

Partner Profile

MGPO is a PCP certified nonprofit organization that uses a participatory approach to bring qualitative change to marginalized societies by providing them with education, healthcare, water and sanitation to enable the communities to act as a safeguard to the natural environment.

MGPO interventions are based on creating robust linkages between the community and nature to underscore this critical interdependency to ensure sustainable results. MGPO’s integrated management plan is linked with the Millennium Development Goals and regards education, health and community physical infrastructure as an integral part of ensuring sustainable environmental protection.

Achievements: In and around Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit Baltistan and the Northern Areas MGPO initiates and maintains Rural Health Centers (RHCs), Basic Health Units (BHUs), schools, camp sites and clean-up expeditions. The organization has been actively engaged in the reconstruction of education and health facilities in the earthquake affected areas since 2005 (partnering with ERRA as well), and has been working in the area since 2003. Between 2006 and 2009, MGPO successfully reconstructed and equipped 18 schools, 3 health centers and various water supply and drainage schemes in the earthquake affected areas.


Key Metrics

  • Increased ease in accessing water
  • Decrease of water-borne diseases
  • Lower morbidity and mortality rate
  • Literacy rates may be improved due to more time freed up for education

The monitoring of the user fees, related community bank account, and levels of community engagement will allow more insight on social return.


Investment Rationale

Beneficiaries are impoverished and deeply affected by the 2005 earthquake. Currently, to access water, villagers, must travel 3 hours on foot and is a task that is mostly carried out by the women. In addition, MGPO cannot easily get alternative funding for small-scale projects such as the installation of water pumps (although it has strong partnerships with larger NGOs and international institutions.)

The project has a high probability of success given: (1) the previous implementation of water pumps by MGPO in other areas of Pakistan; (2) support given by the organization’s references; and (3) no tangible maintenance costs (due to user fees).



Why are hand pumps being used instead of some other technology?

The installation of hand pumps is the most cost-effective solution given the lack of electricity and infrastructure in the target location, as well as the low operating costs of the machinery. In addition, the technology is already widely used in the community, which ensures familiarity with users.

How will ADP keep track of how the funding is used?

MGPO is dedicated to cooperating on monitoring & evaluation initiatives; they have their own monitoring and evaluation policies, but will also conform to ADP guidelines. The NGO will deliver certain documents to ADP on specified dates; including receipts for materials purchased and labour contracted; construction reports and post-construction monthly utility reports; and an End of Survey report.

Can the project survive beyond ADP’s involvement?

The project can survive once ADP funds are exhausted through the collection of user fees (Rs. 150 per year) from members of the target community, which will support the on-going maintenance and operating costs of the pumps in their area. The community will be very involved in all stages of the project, ensuring its sustainability through Water Management Committees comprised of villagers (men, women and youth).

Image credits to sbaig and Ijax

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Type: Project
Cost: Rs. 900,000

Location: Oghi, Mansehra, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Launched: August 2010