Water Filtration Pumps in Haripur District
ADP has partnered with Beer Development Society (BDS) to undertake a project in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to install water filtration plants in a number of schools across Haripur District. The pressing need for clean drinking water can be placed within the broader context of achieving Millennium Development Goals.
More specifically, however, a lack of appropriate infrastructure has led to contamination of upstream and local water supplies, which re-emphasizes the importance of providing clean drinking water to the community. ADP and BDS also aim to address a secondary, but equally important goal of supporting the cause of education at the schools by limiting the incidence of water-borne diseases among students.
There are 5,665 direct beneficiaries (student and teachers) and 511 households in adjacent communities will also benefit from access to clean drinking water.
Registered in 2000, Beer Development Society (BDS) came into prominence when selected by Sarhad Rural Support Program (SRSP) for its role in the Barani Area Development Project, funded by the World Bank in 2006. BDS began by focusing on social mobilization in order to strengthen grassroots organisations in region but it has grown to engage in water and sanitation, health and hygiene, education and disaster management projects. The staff at BDS hope to continue supporting sustainable development initiatives in Haripur District and Kohistan.
In order to measure the success of this project, ADP will use the following benchmarks:
- Lab test results for water samples drawn from project sites after implementation, in accordance with WHO guidelines
- Utilization rate of water filtration plants must meet minimum benchmarks established and monitored by ADP project team
- Incidence of reported cases of water borne diseases and diarrhea and improvement in attendance rates
The ADP Project Team were committed to addressing the problem of a contaminated water supply in the region through the installation of water filtration pumps, supporting health and education. Although it may be difficult to tangibly measure improvements in these areas, access to clean drinking water can only provide a positive social return to teachers, students and households located in the proximity of target schools.
Q. What is the rationale for building each filtration plant at a school? How will the funds for each plant’s administration be generated?
A. The selection of schools for this project was driven by the consideration of access to a community of beneficiaries (students & teachers), security and administration. Since schools serve as community centers to an extent, have independent administration and security arrangements, they were the ideal choice for locating filtration plants.
Collecting funds from the families of students for the plant’s upkeep will be facilitated by school management and local union councils with cooperation from parent-teacher communities, whereas specific activities can subsequently be targeted at each school by forming Environmental Clubs amongst students, thereby raising awareness on the importance of hygiene and sanitation.
Q. What filtration plant configuration should be utilized for each school?
A. Based on the water analysis results received by the ADP project team, the project locations were divided into two categories based on the kind of contamination (chemical or biological) and the size of local populations at each school. A different filtration plant configuration was recommended for each location category, based on consultation with vendors, to ensure that the needs of the community are matched to the capabilities of the equipment deployed at each location.
A configuration based on ultrafiltration was recommended for areas with high populations and water supply that was biologically & chemically contaminated. Meanwhile a simpler configuration was used to address chemical contamination at project sites with a smaller population base. Both configurations have been designed to work even in the absence of electricity supply, in view of the high incidence of power outages within the target communities.
Q. How can the impact of the project be enhanced to ensure that cost per beneficiary targets are met?
A. Special arrangements have been agreed with BDS which will allow households from nearby communities to access the purified water during the late afternoon and evenings. A security guard will be deputed at the school to ensure that access to water is provided and the filtration equipment is protected from theft.
As a result of these measures, the cost per each direct beneficiary for this project is estimated to be around PKR 226, whereas the cost per total number of beneficiaries may be as low as PKR 146.
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