Biogas Plants in Dera Ismail Khan
ADP is partnering with the Foundation for Integrated Development Action (FIDA) to build biogas plants to meet the energy needs in villages near Dera Ismail (D.I.) Khan. Households in Buchcha village in D.I Khan currently generate energy for cooking and other necessities using conventional means such as kerosene, firewood and dung cakes. These methods can be both expensive and unhygienic, resulting in high costs as well as medical ailments, both causing heightened expenses for a community that, on average, earns PKR 10,000 per month per household.
Our partner in this project, FIDA, proposed a viable solution to build 12 biogas plants to meet the energy needs of these households. An ADP diligence team headed by Owais Rafiq and overseen by Khurram Jamali (PEC member) conducted due diligence on this project and found the NGO to have the relevant expertise and the project to be financially and operationally viable, leading to significant cost savings for the village community and bringing a cheap, renewable source of energy to rural households.
The venue is the village of Buchcha, situated in Union Council Zandani in the Tehsil D.I. Khan of district D.I. Khan. The distance of the village from the city of D.I. Khan is about 20 km. The total population of the village is around 3000, with approximately 200 households. The basic source of income of the people is agriculture and livestock, leading to very poor living standards. The aim of the project is to minimize the costs of energy and substituting hazardous methods with hygienic and efficient biogas supplies.
FIDA was established in 2004 by a group of Pakistani philanthropists. It was initially registered under the Social Welfare Ordinance of 1961 and is now registered under the section 42 of companies act. FIDA works primarily in districts Dera Ismail Khan and Tank, in the province of Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa in addition to South Waziristan in the federally Administrated Tribal Areas of Pakistan.
These areas are rich in culture and history, but suffer from chronic poverty and neglect, further aggravated by recent militarization. Literacy rates are far below the national average and there is a lack of access to basic services, such as health facilities, educational institutes, electricity and piped gas, particularly in rural areas.
In an attempt to reach as many people as possible, FIDA works with a wide variety of communities and groups throughout the region. FIDA also works to create links and partnerships with neighboring districts, in order to strengthen and replicate the work that is being done.
FIDA works for poverty reduction and sustainable development with active community participation. FIDA organizes the local community into community organizations (COs) at Mohalla/locality level for working or interventions at household levels. These COs are federated at the village level to form village organizations (VO) and VOs are clustered at Union Council level to form Local Support Organization (LSO). These organizations are thus managed and run by the communities themselves.
Through the funding of ADP, FIDA will support or fund interventions at household level. So the services or funding will directly go to the COs and beneficiary community members.
ADP will measure impact through the following measurable targets that we hope to achieve once the project is completed. These targets will be assessed on an ongoing basis:
- Hours reduced in collecting firewood and dung by women, which previously formed a significant part of their household workload. –There will also be a reduction in additional cleaning chores brought about by soot on pots and pans because of wood and dung burning.
- Cost of firewood and kerosene (otherwise prohibitive) reduced significantly as biogas plants only require dung and water to be operated.
- Reduction in eye and respiratory ailments from reduced air quality brought about by burning firewood and handling unhygienic dung cakes and a consequent reduction in medical treatment costs (however, with insufficient data available on eye and respiratory ailments prior to implementation of the projects, this measure will be calculated in a binary method based on the responses of the beneficiaries).
ADP is excited about this project as it addresses the needs of low-income households through a cheap and renewable source of energy. Biogas in Pakistan is a novel concept, which uses existing resources in an efficient manner to produce energy. ADP’s diligence team conducted a thorough process of diligence on the NGO and its past track record of handling large projects in the biogas field.
FIDA is an established player with proven capabilities as they have already completed successful biogas plant projects in the past in the same district. Working with a sound NGO, with a disciplined approach to the project, was one of the metrics we looked for and FIDA, with its proven past record of success, fitted that bill very well.
How much does it cost to build a biogas plant?
Answer: Including raw materials and other operational overheads, it costs roughly PKR 65,000.
What are the different designs available for biogas plants and what plant size will be the most optimal?
Answer: The standard model being used in Nepal and other developing countries is the GGC 2047 and 8m cube is the optimal plant size considering the household size in village Buchcha.
Who will provide training and ongoing maintenance of the biogas plants once they are built?
Answer: FIDA will provide training and the community themselves will take ownership of the plants after construction and training is done. This is to ensure their interests are aligned in the right direction.
FIDA has recently been completed; project report coming soon.
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